Anatomy and Physiology Resources

Plant Kingdom References

Prokaryotic
cell structure
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Eukaryotic
cell structure
Protistaprotista Algae Protozoans Slime Molds
Fungi Zygomycota Basidiomycota Ascomycota Deuteromycota Lichens
Plantae
plants
Nonvascular Seedless Bryophyta Hepatophyta Anthrocerophyta
Vascular Seedless Pterophyta Sphenophyta Psilotophyta Lycophyta
Vascular
Seed
Gymnosperms Description Coniferophyta
Ginkgophyta Cycadophyta Gnetophyta
Angiosperms Anthophyta Reproduction Stems, Roots Leaves
Class - Dicotyledones Class - Monocotyledones
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The Classification of Organisms:

  1. Basics: Classification, Nomenclature, and Key Making Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  2. Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, Symbiotic Theory Georgia Perimeter College
  3. Classification of Living Things Dennis O'Neil, Ph.D. Palomar College San Marcos, California
  4. Animal Diversity Web University of Michigan
  5. Exercise in Basic Taxonomy: Classification-Nomenclature - Indentification
  6. Winter Tree and Shrub Key Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  7. Classification of Fruit Types California State University Stanislaus
  8. Journey into the World of Phylogenetic Systematics University of California, Berkeley
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Eubacteria:

  1. Diseases/Pathogens Associated with Antimicrobial Resistance CDC
  2. Virtual Microbiology Timothy Paustian, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  3. Category:Bacterial diseases Wikipedia
  4. ProKaryotes: Three Domains Mcgraw-HIll
  5. Microbiology Online
  6. Lyme Disease (Borrelia burgdorferi) University of Wisconsin-Madison
  7. Cyanosite Biological Sciences at Purdue University
  8. LAB 6: GRAM STAIN AND CAPSULE STAIN Gary E. Kaiser
  9. Introduction to the Cyanobacteria - University of California, Berkeley
  10. Functional Anatomy of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Dr. Perry Carter at Midlands Technical College
  11. Microbiology Laboratory Reviews Brenda Wellmeyer
  12. Bacterial Movement University of Alberta
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Archeobacteria - Methanogens, Halobacteria, Thermoacidophiles

  1. Encyclopedia of Earth
  2. Microbial Life in Hyperthermal Environments Why Files
  3. Extreme Methanogens, Halobacteria, Thermoacidophiles Bernie Shellem
  4. Archaea University of California, Berkeley
  5. Seafloor Science Life Forms Extremophiles National Science Foundation
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Algae:

  1. Centex Naturalist - Algae
  2. Algae Classification etc. - Excellent from Wikipedia
  3. Steve Durr's Homepage.
  4. The Harmful Algae Page - Excellent Site on Red Tide
  5. Introduction to the Dinoflagellata - Red Tide University of California, Berkeley
  6. Introduction to the Chromista University of California, Berkeley
  7. Introduction to the Bacillariophyta - Diatoms University of California, Berkeley
  8. Center for Algal Microscopy and Image Digitization Bowling Green State University
  9. Photosynthetic Pigments University of California, Berkeley
  10. Chlorophyta (Green algae) University of California, Berkeley
  11. Introduction to the Rhodophyta -The red "algae" University of California, Berkeley
  12. Marine Algae- Described Photos Sonoma State University
  13. Introduction to the Phaeophyta -Kelps and brown "algae" University of California, Berkeley
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Protozoan

  1. Parasitology Study Sets University of Virginia
  2. Protozoan-Parasites CDC
  3. Medical Protozoology Tulane University
  4. Introduction to the Apicomplexa University of California, Berkeley
  5. Introduction to the Foraminifera University of California, Berkeley
  6. Introduction to the Ciliata University of California, Berkeley
  7. Protozoan-Parasites Parasite.org
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Slime Molds:

  1. Introduction to the Slime Molds University of California, Berkeley
  2. Slime Mold Gallery disjunctnaturalists.com
  3. Slime Molds - Kingdom Protista Division Myxomycota Wayne's Word
  4. SLIME MOLDS; Ture Slime Moulds; SLIME MOULDS; DICTYOSTELIDS PROTOSTELIDS; ACRASIOMYCOTA; DICTYOSTELIOMYCOTA Discover Life
  5. Slime Molds Microbe World
  6. Fun Facts about Fungi - The Blob: Slime Molds Utah State University
  7. Photos of various Oomycota (Water molds) Structures. University of Arizona
  8. Introduction to the Oomycota University of California, Berkeley
  9. Slime Molds: No Brains, No Feet, No Problem PBS Newshour
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Phylum Zygomycota: Black Bread Mold

  1. All About Fungi Mycologue Publications
  2. Zygomycota - Microscopic 'Pin' or 'Sugar' Molds Tree of Life
  3. Mycology.com
  4. Fun Facts about Fungi University of Michigan
  5. Photos of Various Zygomycota Structures University of Arizona
  6. Phungophobe's Phear -- "Higher Fungi" Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
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Phylum Basidiomycota (Club Fungi):

  1. Excellent -Tom Volk's Fungi (Check out the Fungus of the Month Pages) University of Wisconsin
  2. Magical Mushrooms and Mystical Molds George Wong UHM Botany Department
  3. Wild mushrooms: What to eat, what to avoid by Tom Oder at Mother Nature Network
  4. Life Cycle of a Mushroom Shroomery
  5. Basidiomycota -The Club Fungi Tree of Life
  6. Order: Agaricales are your stereotypical mushroom Natural Perspective
  7. Magic Mushrooms - Life Cycle Diagram Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  8. Clathrus: Latticed Stinkhorn (Clathrus ruber). Natural Perspective
  9. Aphyllophorales: Do not have a stereotypical mushroom form Natural Perspective
  10. MycoWeb
  11. Lots of Photos (well organized) of Basidiomycota University of Arizona
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Phylum Ascomycota (Sac Fungi): -
Yeasts, Powdery mildews, Molds, Morels, Truffles

  1. Sac fungi produce spores inside cases (asci) Natural Perspective
  2. Ascomycota Wikipedia
  3. Ascomycota - The Sac Fungi Tree of Life
  4. Photos of various Ascomycota Structures University of Arizona
  5. Classification and How Fungi are named Dr. George J. Wong, University of Hawaii
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Phylum Deuteromycota (Imperfect Fungi):

  1. Photos of Various Deuteromycota Structures University of Arizona
  2. Photos of Penicillin, etc. Tom Volk University of Wisconsin
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Lichens:

  1. Lichens Wikipedia
  2. Lichens - Lots of Examples Natural Perspective
  3. Introduction to Lichens -Click on buttons for details. University of California, Berkeley
  4. Lichen Portrait Gallery Lichen.com
  5. Centex Naturalist -Lichens
  6. Lichenland Oregon State University
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Phylum Bryophyta (Mosses):

  1. Introduction to Bryophytes UCMP Berkeley
  2. Bryophyta - Life Cycle Sumanas, Inc.
  3. Bryophyta Tree of Life
  4. Moss Classification at the Rank of Subclass and Above Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
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Phylum Hepatophyta (Liverworts):

  1. Phylum (Bryophyta)- Classes: True Mosses (Musci), Liverworts (Hepaticae), and Hornworts (Anthocerotae) Natural Perspective
  2. Marchantiophyta Wikipedia
  3. Liverworts Wayne's Word
  4. Liverwort Classification at the Rank of Subclass and Above Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
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Phylum Anthrocerophyta (Hornworts):

  1. Hornwort Classification Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
  2. Wayne's Word
  3. Introduction to the Anthocerotophyta - The hornworts University of California, Berkeley
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Phylum Pterophyta (Ferns):

  1. Ferns and Allies (Filicinophyta) Natural Perspective
  2. American Fern Society-Check out Fern Biology
  3. Polypodiophyta University of Wisconsin
  4. Long Descriptive Page on Ferns Tree of Life
  5. Fern Life Cycle University of Alberta
  6. Wikipedia Ferns
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Phylum Sphenophyta (Horsetails):

  1. Introduction to the Sphenophyta University of California, Berkeley
  2. Phylum Sphenophyta University of Wisconsin
  3. Lower Vaseular Plants (Equisetophyta) Dr. Gerald Carr, University of Hawaii
  4. Equisetum Lifecycle University of Alberta
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Phylum Psilotophyta (Whisk Ferns):

  1. Introduction to the Psilotales -The Whisk Ferns University of California, Berkeley
  2. Phylum Psilotophyta University of Wisconsin
  3. Non-Flowering Plant Family Access Page Dr. Gerald Carr, University of Hawaii
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Phylum Lycophyta (Clubmosses):

  1. Introduction to the Lycophyta University of California, Berkeley
  2. Phylum Lycophyta University of Wisconsin
  3. Lower Vascular Plants Dr. Gerald Carr, University of Hawaii
  4. Clubmosses, Spikemosses, Quillworts Wikipedia
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Gymnosperm Description:

  1. Non-Flowering Plant Family Access Page Dr. Gerald Carr, University of Hawaii
  2. Vascular Plant Image Gallery - TAMUTexas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  3. The Naked Seeds of Pinus - Gymnosperm Reproduction Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  4. Gymnosperm Key University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
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Phylum Coniferophyta:

  1. DESCRIPTION OF THE PHYLUM CONIFEROPHYTA Diversity of Life
  2. Conifer Photo Links Flora of Southwest Virginia
  3. "Methuselah" at 4,725 year bristlecone Leonard Miller
  4. Introduction to the Conifers UCMP Berkeley
  5. Life Cycle - Conifer University of Illinois
  6. Photo Gallery of Tree Rings Henri D. Grissino-Mayer's
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Phylum Ginkgophyta:

  1. The Ginkgo Pages Cor Kwant
  2. Phylum Ginkgophyta University of Wisconsin
  3. Ginkgo biloba Wikipedia
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Phylum Cycadophyta:

  1. Phylum Cycadophyta University of Wisconsin
  2. Description and Photos of Cycadophyta Dr. Gerald Carr, University of Hawaii
  3. Cycad Encyclopedia Jody L. Haynes (c/o Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida)
  4. Introduction to the Cycads University of California, Berkeley
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Phylum Gnetophyta:

  1. Ephedra viridis Bridget Biskup, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
  2. Ephedra and Welwitschia McDaniel College
  3. Phylum Gnetophyta University of Wisconsin
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Phylum Anthophyta:

  1. Botany Lab Photo's and Exercises University of Wisconsin
  2. Angiosperm Life Cycle Alberta UNiversity
  3. Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery
  4. Navasota Flora by TAMU Herbarium Botanist, Monique Dubrule Reed
  5. Angiosperms J. Stein Carter
  6. Inflorescence in flowering plants Wayne's Word
  7. Life Cycle of Angiosperms Sinauer Associates
  8. TAXONOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTSTexas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  9. Common Poisonous Plants and Plant Parts Texas A&M
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Class - Dicotyledon:

  1. Woody Dicots University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Department of Biology
  2. Herbaceous Dicots University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Department of Biology
  3. Monocots versus Dicots University of California, Berkeley
  4. Dicotyledons Wikipedia
  5. PLANT ANATOMY Plant Cell Biology Pre-University
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Class - Monocotyledon:

  1. The Monocot Class of Flowering Plants University of Texas
  2. Monocots vs. DicotsTexas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  3. Introduction to the Liliopsida University of California, Berkeley
  4. Monocotyledons Tree of Life
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Angiosperm Reproduction:

  1. Photographic Atlas of Plant Anatomy University of Wisconsin and Iowa State University
  2. Fast Plants
  3. Reproductive Parts of Flowering Plants Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  4. III. Reproductive Morphology -Lots of Illustrative Diagrams
  5. Pollination - Well organized an Illustrated. Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  6. Pollen and Embryo Sac Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  7. Seeds and Seed Germination Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  8. Natural Vegetative Propagation--Epiphyllous Bud Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  9. Plant Animations KidsWeb katy ISD
  10. Angiosperm Reproduction - Anther and Pollen Developoment Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  11. Angiosperm Reproduction -Ovule and Embryo Sac Development Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
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Structure of Angiosperm Stems and Roots:

  1. Henri D. Grissino-Mayer Ultimate Tree-ring Web Pages
  2. A Year in the Life of a Tree
  3. Meristems: Where plants grow KidsWeb katy ISD
  4. Characters of the Vegetative Parts of a Plant Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  5. II. Vegetative MorphologyTexas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  6. Various Plant Cell Structures Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  7. Pruning Koning, Ross E., Plant Physiology Website
  8. Xylem Transport KidsWeb katy ISD
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Structure of Angiosperm Leaves:

  1. Leaf Wikipedia
  2. Important Features of Flowering Plants University of Hamburg
  3. Leaf and Plant Animations Discover Biology
  4. Leaves and Photosynthesis JSH Education
  5. Leaf Images University of Wisconsin
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General Biology Sites:

  1. Alternative Classifications of Life Five Kingdoms versus Three Domains Steven M. Carr
  2. Backyard Nature - Botany
  3. Botanical Society of America Online Image Collection
  4. Invasivespecies.gov
  5. nearctica-The Natural World of North America
  6. Principles of Plant Biology American Society of Plant Biologists
  7. Plants National Database
  8. CENTEX NATURALIST -Jerry Evans
  9. Digital Learning Center for Microbial Ecology
  10. The New UCMP Web Lift at Berkeley University of California, Berkeley
  11. Natural Perspective
  12. Image Gallery University of Wisconsin
  13. Department of Biology Herbarium - Texas A&M University Texas A&M Bioinformatics Working Group
  14. Vascular Plant Family Access Page Dr. Gerald Carr, University of Hawaii
  15. Texas Parks and Wildlife Nature Site
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